Olfat Hammam is a pathologist working at the Theodor Bilharz Research Institute (TBRI), Giza, Egypt, specialized in schistosomiasis. The objective of her yearlong sabbatical at Standford University, Palo Alto, California, was to conduct a research on the various mechanisms responsible for the association between urogenital schistomiasis and bladder cancer, and make a comparison in squamous cell carcinomas of the bladder in Europe, USA and Egypt, in order to better understand the links between Schistomiasis and these cancers. Working with Michael Hsieh, she learned up-to-date techniques in schistosomiasis research and animal modeling. Olfat Hammam contributed her pathology experience to the Stanford University by training laboratory members in immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence methods.
Michael Hsieh is a urologist whose research interests include the roles of inflammation in defense against pathogens and carcinogenesis; mouse models of urogenital schistosomiasis; characterization of parasite-derived, host modulatory proteins as potential biomarkers of morbidity; and therapeutic exploitation of parasite-derived, host modulatory proteins for various diseases. He also hosts scientists interested in receiving training in his areas of expertise.